Wednesday, July 08, 2020

Software RDMA revisited : setting up SoftiWARP on Ubuntu 20.04

Almost ten years ago I wrote about installing SoftIwarp on Ubuntu 10.04. Today I will be revisiting the process. First, what is SoftIwarp: Soft-iWARP is a software-based iWARP stack that runs at reasonable performance levels and seamlessly fits into the OFA RDMA environment provides several benefits. SoftiWARP is a software RDMA device that attaches with the active network cards to enable RDMA programming. For anyone starting with RDMA programming, RDMA-enabled hardware might not be at hand. SoftiWARP is a very useful tool to set up the RDMA environment, and code and experiments with.

To install SoftIwarp you have to go through 4 stages: Setting up the environment, Building SoftIwarp, Configuring Softiwarp, Testing.

Setting up RDMA environment

Before you start you should prepare the environment for building a kernel module and userspace library.
Basic building environment

sudo apt-get install build-essential libelf-dev cmake

Installing userspace libraries and tools

sudo apt-get install libibverbs1 libibverbs-dev librdmacm1 \
librdmacm-dev rdmacm-utils ibverbs-utils

Insert common RDMA kernel modules

sudo modprobe ib_core
sudo modprobe rdma_ucm

Check if everything is correctly installed : 

sudo lsmod | grep rdma 

You should see something like this : 

rdma_ucm               28672  0
ib_uverbs             126976  1 rdma_ucm
rdma_cm                61440  1 rdma_ucm
iw_cm                  49152  1 rdma_cm
ib_cm                  57344  1 rdma_cm
ib_core               311296  5 rdma_cm,iw_cm,rdma_ucm,ib_uverbs,ib_cm

Now set up some library for the userspace libs : 

sudo apt-get install build-essential cmake gcc libudev-dev libnl-3-dev \
libnl-route-3-dev ninja-build pkg-config valgrind

Installing SoftiWARP

10 years ago you had to clone the SoftiWARP source code and build it ( Now you are lucky, it is by default in the Linux kernel 5.3 and above!

You just have to type : 

sudo modprobe siw

verify it works : 

sudo lsmod | grep siw
you should see : 
siw                   188416  0
ib_core               311296  6 rdma_cm,iw_cm,rdma_ucm,ib_uverbs,siw,ib_cm
libcrc32c              16384  3 nf_conntrack,nf_nat,siw

moreover, you should check if you have an Infiniband device present : 

ls /dev/infiniband 

Result : 


You also need to add the following file in your /etc/udev/rules.d/90-ib.rules directory containing the below entries : 

 ####  /etc/udev/rules.d/90-ib.rules  ####
 KERNEL=="umad*", NAME="infiniband/%k"
 KERNEL=="issm*", NAME="infiniband/%k"
 KERNEL=="ucm*", NAME="infiniband/%k", MODE="0666"
 KERNEL=="uverbs*", NAME="infiniband/%k", MODE="0666"
 KERNEL=="uat", NAME="infiniband/%k", MODE="0666"
 KERNEL=="ucma", NAME="infiniband/%k", MODE="0666"
 KERNEL=="rdma_cm", NAME="infiniband/%k", MODE="0666"

If it doesn't exist you need to create it.

I would suggest you add also the module to the list of modules to load at boot by adding them to /etc/modules file

You need now to reboot your system.

Userspace library

Normally, recent library support softiwarp out of the box. But if you want to compile your own version follow the step bellow. However, do this at your own risk... I recommend to stick with the std libs.

Optional build SIW userland libraries: 

All the userspace library are in a nice single repository. You just have to clone the repo and build all the shared libraries. If you want you can also just build libsiw but it's just easier to build everything at once. 

git clone
cd ./softiwarp-user-for-linux-rdma/

Now we have to setup the $LD_LIBRARY_PATH so that build libraries can be found. 
cd ./softiwarp-user-for-linux-rdma/build/lib/

or you can add the line in your .bashrc profile:

End of optional section

Setup the SIW interface : 

Now we will be setting up the loopback and a standard eth interface as RDMA device:

sudo rdma link add <NAME OF SIW DEVICE > type siw netdev <NAME OF THE INTERFACE>

In this case for me : 

sudo rdma link add siw0 type siw netdev enp0s31f6
sudo rdma link add siw_loop type siw netdev l0

You can check the two devices have been correctly set up using ivc_devices and ibv_devinfo command
result of ibv_devices  :
    device              node GUID
    ------           ----------------
    siw0             507b9ddd7a170000
    siw_loop         0000000000000000

result of ibv_devinfo :

hca_id: siw0
 transport:   iWARP (1)
 fw_ver:    0.0.0
 node_guid:   507b:9ddd:7a17:0000
 sys_image_guid:   507b:9ddd:7a17:0000
 vendor_id:   0x626d74
 vendor_part_id:   0
 hw_ver:    0x0
 phys_port_cnt:   1
  port: 1
   state:   PORT_ACTIVE (4)
   max_mtu:  1024 (3)
   active_mtu:  invalid MTU (0)
   sm_lid:   0
   port_lid:  0
   port_lmc:  0x00
   link_layer:  Ethernet
hca_id: siw_loop
 transport:   iWARP (1)
 fw_ver:    0.0.0
 node_guid:   0000:0000:0000:0000
 sys_image_guid:   0000:0000:0000:0000
 vendor_id:   0x626d74
 vendor_part_id:   0
 hw_ver:    0x0
 phys_port_cnt:   1
  port: 1
   state:   PORT_ACTIVE (4)
   max_mtu:  4096 (5)
   active_mtu:  invalid MTU (0)
   sm_lid:   0
   port_lid:  0
   port_lmc:  0x00
   link_layer:  Ethernet

Testing with RPING: 

Now we simply test the setup with rping : 

In one shell : 
rping -s -a <serverIP> 

in the other : 

rping -c -a <serverIP> -v 

And you should see the rping working successfully! 

You are now all set to use RDMA without the need for expensive hardware. 

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